NOTE: As with all my notes from the EGS, there will likely be mistakes because I did not record the lectures, I made notes as they spoke, so I am perhaps interpreting what they are saying as I am writing.
First, why Law and then ontology. Why? Because these are the only fields Foucault did not work within. Second, because I want to know what is politics?
Recently I've been focusing on liturgy (liturgia). Ontology is filosofia prima.
What does it mean to act politically? Liturgy and Law both come from the same word. It's root means to work for the people. The history of the term coincides with the translation of the term.
First translations of liturgia were in reference to the cultic practices of the priests and the clergy.
This is the summary of the genealogy of liturgy; it's set in Germany in the 1920s - a time of movements and eschewing the "School" Freud didn't call it the psychoanalytic School, but the Movement.
We look to Casel and see that Liturgical mystery is not representation but an expression of the Mystery
- Sacraments realize (enact?) what they mean, is a sign; but,
- the particularity of the sacrament is that it realizes what it means
- Opus operatum - work that will produce actions
- Opus operandi - work of a moral entity
- They decided, Yes: the baptism would be legitimate.
- the only circumstance in which it would not be legitimate would be if the priest were joking
- As the Devil's actions are in the service of God's Will, so the opus of the priest regardless of intent or inner state
- The praxes of the priests became their ufici, their offices.
Heidegger: the locus of the transformation of ontology occurred in the 3rd century by Christians who were doing so in the conversations around the nature of the sacraments.
- Heidegger saw that the term analogia, living and being, was what the Greeks employed, but the Christians translated the term as essentia
- This language (that the Kingdom of Christ will be at the end of time) is picked up by the fascists of Italy as well as in the Spanish Civil War
What is the nature of this liturgical mystery? The answer can only be politica.
This liturgical move has made an indelible mark on Modern ethics and politics.
I am deeply involved in the archaeology of the office.
Pseudo-Dionysus originated the term hierarchy, it meant the "heavenly power" and so he is the founder of the heavenly bureaucracy.
Effectus does not mean effect in the Modern sense; it originates from the word, originally efficio which means to realize. It is both being and action.
Judith Butler: Thank you, Giorgio. I wonder, what is the role of repetition in liturgy; because it seems that repetition is necessary for its efficacy.
Agamben: Christ only had to sacrifice once, Jews frequently. Of course, the Church has to repeat it. Within liturgia there is a contradiction that there is this need.
- Each time a political element is added, so is added a political element
- Augustine says that uficium is not an ethical issue because it is dependent upon one's position
- We can't understand Protestantism if we don't understand that Luther was a monk and not a priest.