Friday, December 14, 2007

"5 Myths About Torture" That I Must Share

from the Washington Post

So the CIA did indeed torture Abu Zubaida, the first al-Qaeda terrorist suspect to be waterboarded. So says John Kiriakou, the first former CIA employee directly involved in the questioning of "high-value" al-Qaeda detainees to speak publicly. He minced no words last week in calling the CIA's "enhanced interrogation techniques" what they are.

But did they work? Torture's defenders, including the wannabe tough guys who write Fox's "24," insist that the rough stuff gets results. "It was like flipping a switch," said Kiriakou about Abu Zubaida's response to being waterboarded. But the al-Qaeda operative's confessions -- descriptions of fantastic plots from a man whom journalist Ron Suskind has reported was mentally ill -- probably didn't give the CIA any actionable intelligence. Of course, we may never know the whole truth, since the CIA destroyed the videotapes of Abu Zubaida's interrogation. But here are some other myths that are bound to come up as the debate over torture rages on.

1 Torture worked for the Gestapo.

Actually, no. Even Hitler's notorious secret police got most of its information from public tips, informers and interagency cooperation. That was still more than enough to let the Gestapo decimate anti-Nazi resistance in Austria, Czechoslovakia, Poland, Denmark, Norway, France, Russia and the concentration camps.

Yes, the Gestapo did torture people for intelligence, especially in its later years. But this reflected not torture's efficacy but the loss of many seasoned professionals to World War II, increasingly desperate competition for intelligence among Gestapo units and an influx of less disciplined younger members. (Why do serious, tedious police work when you have a uniform and a whip?) It's surprising how unsuccessful the Gestapo's brutal efforts were. They failed to break senior leaders of the French, Danish, Polish and German resistance. I've spent more than a decade collecting all the cases of Gestapo torture "successes" in multiple languages; the number is small and the results pathetic, especially compared with the devastating effects of public cooperation and informers....

Baseball's fixed, the economy's being run by folks who don't know any better than you and me, we have no foreign policy strategy, and we're no longer "the good guy" that I thought we should be.

Why's the country in such a bad way? We have poor leadership. Any asshole can start a war, happens all the time, it takes finesse and skill to harmonize relations. Any old blowhard (black, white, female, even Mormon) can confidently state that things need to change in Washington. Well start, then, by calling a spade a spade: torture is unAmerican, our economy sucks because we have a government that spends too much and produces too little and this ties into our foreign policy problems:

Economy's in bad shape? Start a war. A war is like a candy bar for your body's caloric-intake needs. Wars produce a spike in production (someone's gotta manufacture those bombs and bullets) and as we see with Blackwater, there are a host of companies that bid for the contracts for killing and (de)stabilizing foreign locales. Candy bars give you a boost in simple carbohydrates which are pure energy, but they fizzle-out quickly, the energy is not a smart choice unless you eat the candy bar and then start running at top speed for the next 30 minutes or more.

The same is true with war expenditures, and more so, because what an economy really needs is prolonged bouts of stability not only domestically but also abroad. We need young men and woment that will start businesses and manufacture widgets and have children and we need trade partners (other countries) that are in the same situation.

In a world where we can torture, the only longterm effect I can foresee is a general rise in distrust and suspicion; a cutting-off of compassion and a lot less goodwill.

Friday, November 30, 2007

Some Dog Stuff

This is another thought collage about in the "Age of Crushed Skulls" series, it originally appeared on Friday, February 16, 2007.

So I am writing about dogs, culture and something more (but what?) and I was overwhelmed by how amazing dogs really are. Listen to them sing:
african wild dog
basset hound
They even form choruses:
blood hounds
New Guinea Singing dogs
I mean, really I can't express to what degree I am really shocked at how versatile these animals can be in their expression.

The Age of Crushed Skulls (Update!!!!)

This is a follow-up to the last blog of this title and appeared on my other blog on Monday, December 11, 2006.

Forgive that these blogs are, at best, a long aphorism. They are bread crumbs I'm leaving as I think about culture and its transmission. There's something, in my xin (heart-and-mind) that tells me that how we understand dogs, the history of the peoples of the Silk Road, and prehistory says much more about who we are today than what it says about any of those topics.

Follow the above link to read about a recently published article discussing the evolution of homo sapiens sapiens.

In the original "Age of Crushed Skulls" scenario I briefly alluded to technology and reproduction, i.e. those with technology reproduced because they crushed others' skulls.

Furthermore, I was trying to suggest in the previous edition that culture itself is THE technology that you gotta get behind. What? Why? See the above article.

It seems that the ability to digest milk (by not allowing the lactase enzyme to be "turned off") is a result of environmental pressures. Those who "became" pastoralists were able to have more energy resources available to them than were those who were unable to consume the milk of the cattle. In fact, they lost valuable water with diarrhea whereas those who were lactose tolerant had more water and the sugar-energy available by breaking down the milk.

Also of note, the "Funnel Beaker" culture of northern Europe seems to be tremendously successful in maintaining this trait to this day (where something on the order of 99% of Swedes are lactose tolerant today).

Why is this of any significance? Typically the social sciences (including political science and economics) think of culture in terms of largely stagnant pools. So, saying something like, "Those Iraqis are not ready for democracy," or more scarily assuming that democracy is something "we" got and they don't know they want. This stagnant pools idea which tends to guide institutional thinking assumes a fixity of identity within the objects being observed.

The objects being observed are in this case pastoralists, industrialists, nomads, gatherer/hunters, etc. It is assumed that the mode of economic production (being a farmer, being a ceo of a multinational company, being a shepherd) largely determines "why" people act the way they do.

I kinda resist this thinking, though, because it's kinda puttin the cart before the horse. What I mean is this: people are more or less co-conspirators in their environment and are the deliberated, mutually-influencing product of this exchange. That is, you're not really born a pastoralist or a ceo; you're born a culture-producing machine. Given the appropriate resources, any schnuck could be an astronaut, or a sherpa. (Plainly I am broadly conceptualizing resources here, but that's the thrust of my thinking here).

If it's the case that people have always been dumb and lazy, with brilliant examples generously sprinkled throughout for countermeasure, then there really shouldn't be any kind of talk of violence between peoples as a natural result of who they are. I'm trying to work through what Zizek was writing about last year after the riots in paris and new orleans and iraq.

More later...

Thursday, November 29, 2007

Why It’s Important To Blog

I'm finally getting around to reading Lawrence Lessig's Free Culture, which you can download for free by clicking the above link, and you should read this book. Read a fucking book. Read this fucking book. Here's an excerpt to give you some perspective on why you should read this book:

But democracy has never just been about elections. Democracy
means rule by the people, but rule means something more than mere
elections. In our tradition, it also means control through reasoned discourse.
This was the idea that captured the imagination of Alexis de
Tocqueville, the nineteenth-century French lawyer who wrote the
most important account of early "Democracy in America." It wasn't
popular elections that fascinated him—it was the jury, an institution
that gave ordinary people the right to choose life or death for other citizens.
And most fascinating for him was that the jury didn't just vote
about the outcome they would impose.They deliberated. Members argued
about the "right" result; they tried to persuade each other of the
"right" result, and in criminal cases at least, they had to agree upon a
unanimous result for the process to come to an end.
Yet even this institution flags in American life today. And in its
place, there is no systematic effort to enable citizen deliberation. Some
are pushing to create just such an institution.16 And in some towns in
New England, something close to deliberation remains. But for most
of us for most of the time, there is no time or place for "democratic deliberation"
to occur.
More bizarrely, there is generally not even permission for it to occur.
We, the most powerful democracy in the world, have developed a
strong norm against talking about politics. It's fine to talk about politics
with people you agree with. But it is rude to argue about politics
with people you disagree with. Political discourse becomes isolated,
and isolated discourse becomes more extreme.17 We say what our
friends want to hear, and hear very little beyond what our friends say.
Enter the blog. The blog's very architecture solves one part of this
problem. People post when they want to post, and people read when
they want to read. The most difficult time is synchronous time. Technologies that enable asynchronous communication, such as e-mail,
increase the opportunity for communication. Blogs allow for public discource without the public ever needing to gather in a single public place.

The Age of Crushed Skulls

This was originally posted on Tuesday, October 31, 2006 at my older blog on myspace. I've long been trying to become comfortable with the public perception of myspace as the high schooler's social network (and then trying to wrap my silly mind around the notion that facebook is the college version - how the fuck does that make sense?)
But you know what? Me and my pals are on myspace, and we like to keep-up with each other there (even though every day brings on a new pornbot from a friend's phished account). Also, frankly, as you can tell by this site's layout, I am not really even remotely aware of how to make a web page (it's called temerity, I've learned).
Be that as it may, I am going to slowly post here things I've been posting there over the last several years, some moldy oldies.
I am really fascinated by the Silk Road this semester.
This is a path, basically, that pastoralists have been following since, seemingly, pastoralism became a subsistence strategy for humans (somewhere nearing the ninth century BCE ~ 11,000 years ago). This is when villages are possible, and when dogs become domesticated.

It seems that we didn't domesticate dogs in the sense that we got a wolf cub and raised it to be cool with people. THis wouldn't be possible because wolves are imprinted with fear of "not-wolves" within 19 days of birth. Domesticated dogs, however, are impressionable up into the ninth week. Wolves have huge teeth that in comparison make dogs teeth look cute. Wolves have huge brains and can learn to escape a pen by watching it opened by a person once. Chino never learned how to do that. Wolves are afraid of "not-wolves" so much so that they will run quickly and far-far away (so far away that they may not return to that site for a ful 24 hours). This is not at all like a dog, who will return within minutes.

In a village setting this means that a wolf that was willing to eat out of the waste pile (like Chino does with my compost pile) would have an easy source of (low quality but abundant) calories. Those wolves that consistently demonstrated a tolerance for humans in this respect were able to turn those claories, granted not into big wolf brains, but into its offspring. That's right, being dumber wolves meant it was able to do it more. We can see toady in some cultures, like in certain East African pastoralist societies, this symbiosis at work: upon the child entering into toddlering the child would be given a puppy. The pup was there to watch after the toddler (by eating its poop).

People talk about pure bred dogs and dogs that have part wolf in it, like this is a good thing. It's not. In the case of the latter, you now have a dog less likely to want to be around others. In the case of the former let us consider the Silk Road. I bring this up because domestic dogs are demonstrating culture - a culture that seperates dogs from wolves. I would like to suggest that this difference is very much like that between homo sapiens sapiens and neanderthals. Both may interbreed (and I think have) but they are radically different.

The silk road did not arise because the empires of Japan, Korea, and China wanted to have contact with the Empires of Europe or Africa or India. To think of the Silk Road in this way is similar to asking, "Why do all American Civil War Battles occur in National Parks?"

The Silk Road (as we are calling it, itself a Germanic phrase from the 19th century) is simply the path that shepherds have carved over 11,000 years. They walk their sheep from nice pastures in the winter to the fresher mountainous pastures of the summer. Then they beat feet as soon as the Fall comes so they don't get caught in a blizzard. Half a million sheep per half a dozen shepherds who have with them about five dogs each (total dogs ~ three dozen).

These dogs have been socialized to sheep the way we socialize chihuahuas to Paris Hilton: give the person the dog within the first month of its birth. In the case of shepherd dogs you isolate the dog from other non-shepherd dogs and put them in pens with sheep. THey grow up thinking that they are like sheep in the same way that Paris Hilton must think that her dog thinks it's a person. The dog, nobley, remains silent as to how it sees these relations.

There is nothing special about these dogs, any ol' dog would do this, you just gotta catch the dog early enough. And so the breed is pointless. Another reason breed is pointless is this - Once you're on the trail, you cannot keep a bitch in heat from getting impregnated. Dogs go into heat twice a year (diestrus). That means (since the average shepherd travels on average 370 -520 miles per year) that there is a huge spreading of genetic material over a geographic area. You could get knocked-up in New York and end up pregnant again traveling back from Washington DC!

This is true with people. In fact, another interesting phenomenon between dogs and people is this: Dogs are not any particular color, at all. It seems that domestication cares very little for coat color. The phenotypes that matter are size and thickness of coat. Foxes bred in isolation (those that were more curious about people and tolerant of people were allowed to breed) in Russia within seven generations had piebald coats (like dogs). There was no advantage to the foxes looking like this - they were bred to be tolerant of people and a side development was the variety of coat color. This is true with people too.

There is something called the "founder effect" in genetics. Imagine that parvo wipes out all the dogs within a 50 mile radius, except yours. Then another bitch, with its shepherd, comes along one season. All of a sudden the dogs within your 50 mile radius look an awful damn lot like that bitch that came through by chance. This becomes especially true if say, people in that radius have a taboo against all dogs but white dogs. That means they kill all pups that don't have that mutation for being white. Voila, you got what people call a breed. What we're seeing here is that there are pressures for breeding - usually it just comes down to available calories that can be converted into breeding.

But what about when there ain't no food? Those that are able to sustain themselves longest (the "fittest in the classsical Darwinian sense") have a better chance to reproduce. What if all the dogs but this white one make it? What if people record that as important - that it was a white dog? Now we're only breeding white dogs in our culture. It's not more useful, it's a matter of confluence of taste (artificiality) and chance (arbitrarity). This is possibly why most of the world today has dark hair and dark eyes. Except where?

Nearly 11,000 years ago (just around when the glaciers were receding from their maximal reach at the beginning of the Neolithic/end of mesolithic ages), modern humans were moving around. Possibly they were following big game (thus stressing the hunter aspect of gatherer/hunter). They probably were in a sense following big game because some of the biggest (most calorie rewarding) food was on the move, because it was getting really hot where they were.

Imagine something like a huge mammoth literally dying of heat stroke consistently and quickly over a span of about 500 years in a region like Afghanistan. This ain't a long amount of time and the only breednig mammoths are those that are good at walking away from humans (those tolerant of humans are not reproducing - they're being eaten; those sticking around are dying from an adaptation to a climate increasingly hostile to their very being. I don't the people are hunters in the sense that they are way smart and aggressive (just like today most are dumb and lazy), I think these people just put two and two together and followed the path of least resistance. Staying in the tropics meant too many predators and walkin around with these huge, dying animals meant scraps were good for us. Just like dogs follow us.

Also, imagine that in the recently opening northern Europe, you are following this game and the game runs out. You wander around eating what you can. Another group of people comes along - not many (11,000 years ago the world's population is less than that of metro Atlanta > 5 million). These people are floored because: 1, they ain't seen another human for two years; but more significantly, you're a woman with blue eyes and blond hair. Only in the vaguest memories are their blondes and you're a walking vague memory so obviously you are special. You breed. Not only do you breed, but your phenotype is isolated as being special and only your blonde children are allowed to breed. Just like a dog. Are you a special breed? Only in the same sense that a shepherd's dog is.

Below are two citations form Wikipedia. I've been supremely interested in the ancient people of central asia and I've been looking up odd things about human migrations and wars. The first is to compare with the last. Culture moves slowly in Europe because few groups are interacting with one another, unlike in central asia where huns, turks, alans, hans, the gamit are bumping into one another's sheep and towns for millenia.

..The Swedish-Norwegian Battle Axe culture, or the Boat Axe culture, appeared ca. 2800 BC and is known from about 3000 graves from Skåne to Uppland and Trøndelag. The time of its appearance and spread over Scandinavia has been called the Age of the crushed skulls, because from this time there are many finds of buried people with crushed skulls and not only men, but also many women and children (Lindquist 1993:43). Its introduction was violent and fast, and a very likely candidate for an Indo-European (and specifically earliest-Germanic) invasion...
from Wikipedia, ..Corded Ware Culture..

..Lapis lazuli was being traded from its only known source in the ancient world .. Badakshan, in what is now northeastern Afghanistan .. as far as Mesopotamia and Egypt by the second half of the 4th millennium BC. By the third millennium BC lapis lazuli trade was extended to Harappa and Mohenjo-daro in the Indus valley...
from Wikipedia, "Silk Road"

Quickly (within a couple hundred years) we see that people are exchanging cultural artifacts from India to Norway. Hell yeah the violence was swift. One minute you're marveling at lapis lazuli up there in the Baltic sea, literally within five generations you are marveling at this awesome technology called the hunk of metal on a stick (an axe). All you've got going for yourself now is that there are way more exotic men and women. You may not live to see the day when your "ethnic" group is on the other end of the violence, but that you happened to have a distant relative that happened to have had blonde hair and blue eyes and lived an extra couple of years after everyone else in the group (the founder effect) has allowed you to turn your mates' crushed skull into the khaganate's progeny.

Don't worry. From the 15th century to now the blondes have been increasingly on the right side of technology. Hopefully it doesn't kill us all.

I'd like to also suggest that what is the difference between following animals bigger than you (why is that hunting) and following animals smaller than you (that is pastoralism)? Seems to me to be about the same thing. You know what the big difference is? The way the two groups talk about themselves. Gatherer/hunters have a radically different view of their place in the cosmos (say, responsive to the conditions of the environment) and pastoralists view themselves as more independent of their environment. Like the way the Bible talks, being responsible for other people like they were sheep (your property, something external of who you "are") which, as if you didn't notice, is a tall tale from a bunch of pastoralists. Very similar to two other major pastoralists - Jews and Muslims. Did you know that the Pashtun (indigenous) people of Afghanistan call themselves b'nai israel (children of israel)? The next nearest neighbors of Afghans are Chinese muslims....

Wednesday, November 28, 2007

Why Didn’t I Think of This First?

I'm not endorsing anyone get an abortion. I am, however, endorsing that this procedure be available to those who would want it. I really despise how the reproductive rights debate has been easily framed as a bipolar issue: for or against. I particularly despise those that support the National Right to Life movement.
I don't know anything about the show that this transcript is from, but I am glad that the unanswerable question was posed to the leader of the National Right to Life (I got this from Pandagon; the original transcript of the show is at

MATTHEWS: I have always wondered something about the pro-life movement. If—if you believe that killing—well, killing a fetus or killing an unborn child is—is murder, why don't you bring murder charge or seek a murder penalty against a woman who has an abortion? Why do you let her off, if you really believe it's murder?

O'STEEN: We have never sought criminal penalties against a woman.

MATTHEWS: Why not?

O'STEEN: There haven't been criminal penalties against a woman.

MATTHEWS: Well, why not?

O'STEEN: Well, you don't know the circumstances and how she's been forced into this. And that's…

MATTHEWS: Forced into it?


O'STEEN: … to be effective.

We're out—we're not out—we're out to try to protect unborn children.


MATTHEWS: See, this is where the hypocrisy comes in, sir. If it's wrong to have an abortion, why don't you criminalize it?


O'STEEN: I don't think that's the way you're going to protect unborn children.


MATTHEWS: But, if you say it's murder, why don't you act on that?

O'STEEN: I think civil—I think civil penalties, aiming at the doctors, taking away their financial incentives. We're after what works to protect unborn children. And that's the goal.

MATTHEWS: But the problem with all the states' rights is, you just go to the next state. And, if you outlaw it in America, you just go to Canada or Mexico or Dominican Republic.

Unless you penalize the person who has an abortion, I don't see how you actually stop somebody from having one.

O'STEEN: Well, I—I'm not—we have never sought criminal penalties against a woman.

I think it's much—far more effective to take away the financial incentive of the abortion doctors that are doing this for profit and for money. And we are—and our goal, remember, is to protect unborn children and to do what will work.

And it is a fact we have a federal system of government, yes.


O'STEEN: Yes, we're going to work for laws in all of the states. And we will overturn Roe v. Wade. And Fred Thompson would help do that.

MATTHEWS: Do you believe that abortion is murder?

O'STEEN: I believe it's the killing of a human being. Murder is a technical term. And right now, unfortunately, it's legal. But it's the killing of a human being.

MATTHEWS: But you do believe it's murder?

O'STEEN: I believe it's the killing of a human being, that's the term.

MATTHEWS: It just seems like you make a basic political judgment that would blame the doctor, when, in fact, these doctors don't go door to door offering people abortion services. The person who wants the abortion goes to a doctor and has the procedure done by the doctor. Yet you put the onus on the doctor. It just seems to be the strangest way to enforce a law.

O'STEEN: Remember, that's where the financial incentive is, and the physician knows what they're doing. How many women have been told this is a blob of tissue? This isn't really a human life? How are they pressured by men that want to escape their responsibilities, perhaps? What about a young girl that's been impregnated by a male, where it's a case of statutory rape?

But the abortion doctor knows exactly what they're doing. They're taking a human life. And you will see Roe v. Wade reversed and you'll see respect for human life restored. And Fred Thompson will help do that.

Abortion can't be stopped without criminalizing the women that get the procedure done: if doctors are fined all that happens is the market cost of an abortion gets higher (because the fines become part of the cost of services sold).

If I may, I really like how Pandagon furthers my sentiment:

Anti-choicers correctly perceive that their raging misogyny is a strike against them, that their quivering hatred of women who don't apologize for being daughters of Eve with actual sexualities and carbon-based bodies will tend to draw people short, since half of us are women (with sexualities, due to that humanity thing and all) and the other half still have mothers, sisters, wives, daughters, and friends that they don't want to see being treated like criminals for the high crime of living your life, even with the dreaded sex in it. And in order to get the stench of misogyny off them, they came across a, um, brilliant? P.R. move: Instead of saying that women are evil, let's just say women are stupid, that they have sex (and use contraception and have abortions) not because they really want to, but because they're badgered by men, feminists, and doctors who make so much money off performing a procedure that technically goes on the books as running in the red and is, at places like Planned Parenthood, subsidized largely by more profitable endeavors like supplying contraception. (Not that PP ever runs in the black, since they are a non-profit and subsist not only on fees, but donations and government funding.)

The question here is why do anti-choicers go with the "women are stupid" line instead of the "women are evil" line—because they are stupid? Or because they're evil? Today, I'm leaning towards the latter, at least with the leadership. They think they're so damn clever, with their fucked-up story about the supposedly high-rolling abortion "industry" and helpless women of a sheep-like stupidity who can't be held to account for killing someone. Which does make me wonder why they don't picket women's prisons and demand the release of all the prisoners, who are not morally accountable human beings, but barely sentient ambulatory wombs in the anti-choice estimation. They don't, of course, because they're full of shit. I think David O'Steen is a liar, actually. I think no human being can be so stupid as to think that you can ban an act without enforcing the ban if you want it to work.

Tuesday, November 27, 2007

More Economics Made Fun....

So, as part of my Americoprs*VISTA year of service (less impressive than Durf's Poshcorps gig in China, but it's what I got), I've been trying to understand better what all this economic stuff means. As many of you know, my ideas are pretty much informed by philosophers, artists, and cartoons (almost in that order of preference), and as such I have a generalized distaste for all things deemed financially sound or fiscally responsible.

Be that as it may, my year of service is with a nonprofit microlender. That means that I've spent my year meeting with poor and lower-middle class families and talking to them about how to start a small business (budget), and largely try to explain how the credit system works in the U.S. As some of you may know, both budgeting and credit have been the silver bullet and garlic combination that has kept this half-vampire-half-werewolf-half-alligator (egregious Dr. Octagon allusion) down over the last 12 years (all of my "adult" life). So, imagine how funny it is for me (of all people) to explain what happens when you stop answering the phone 'cause the debt collectors on the other line. Or, why you should save money, even if all you have is $5 dollars a month. But that's my beautiful karma.

The real issue for most people I know is credit. How does it work? How do I get it to work for me? In order for me to understand credit I've had to necessarily understand also much more about the economy of the U.S. at large over the past 15 years or so (so the economic realities of my entire adult life). And this has been really interesting because understanding the economy of the past 15 years for me has been very much like Philosopher's Stone (yeah, the Harry Potter story). Learning about the last 15 years of America's economy has been operating has like Harry learning that there's a Hogwarts. There's this whole, other, secret, history - an entirely different set of dynamic forces that have shaped my life that I never was able to account for.

The question begins with, "whycome, after working so hard for so long, I'm so broke all the time?" This can't only be answered by, "You didn't budget." Much of the answer is there, the vast majority of the answer is there; but not all of the answer is there. Nor is the remainder of the answer found in my postmarxist reading of the narrative I call reality. Some of the answer also lies at the intersection of politics and economic policy.

See, during the '90s there was a deregulation of how credit could be offered. It used to be that people didn't lend credit to folks that never demonstrated the ability to pay beack a loan with interest. How was that decided? First, do you have a job? Do you have savings? Do you have a plan for paying back this loan that has been verified as sound by an independent and neutral third party? If you answered in the negative to any of those questions you were not offered credit. And that makes sense; 'cause credit is not your friend.

Credit is not money. Credit is a tool that generates money. Just like fire is a tool that generates heat and digestible food and also likely to kill you and your loved ones in your sleep if you don't contain fire and manage fire properly; so is credit likely to do. I use Lewis Farrakhan's speech every time I talk about credit. I think I've used it before here so I won't bother to repost it - but if you'd like to read the speech, put a comment at the bottom requesting such.

I'm really not here to write this blog about personal credit - I'm really writing today to talk about the recession that we're going into and I want to share an interesting article that I read about the intersection of economics and politics. Now, as the lit.crit/artloving/philosophy rogue I pretend to be, it seems to me obvious that an economic problem is a political problem. The word economy, from the Greek, means managing the household, and a household is most certainly plagued with politics. But I'm a holistic kinda thinker, I guess. Unlike your average business media reader, I s'pose.

So, to the point of this blog. Below is an excerpt from a recent posting on that discusses the merits and shortcomings of a recent policy proposal about what to do with this recession that has been born from (among a few other things) the credit craze of the '90s. I liked its discussion of what are the likely talking points and policies that will be adopted by what ever puppet wins the next election in 2008. Read below and smell the sulfur.
11. War costs
Force Washington to get honest about how it's going to pay for our wars, other than supplemental bills that are worse than Enron-style debt financing.
What Enron did wrong was report debt as operating income. Here in the USA, we depend on foreign borrowing for GDP growth.

Besides, here we are, no official recession yet, and Congress can't even cut spending on current wars without the DoD making political threats of election year layoffs and instigating economic havok: 200,000 layoffs between now and Christmas is a formidable stick to use to beat Republican members of Congress into voting "the right way."
Pentagon Warns of Civilian Layoffs If Congress Delays War Funding
Nov. 21, 2007 (Jonathan Weisman and Ann Scott Tyson - Washington Post)

Democrats Are Firm on Link to Troop Withdrawals From Iraq

The Defense Department warned yesterday that as many as 200,000 contractors and civilian employees will begin receiving layoff warnings by Christmas unless Congress acts on President Bush's $196 billion war request, but senior Democrats said no war funds will be approved until Bush accepts a shift in his Iraq policy.
And there are plenty more such sticks where that came from, such as this threat–I mean–warning from Goldman Sachs that without further assistance from the Fed and others, the U.S. faces a $2 trillion "lending shock" during an election year.

This is precisely the dynamic of inflationary, politically motivated government spending in the face of recession that our Ka-Poom Theory anticipates. As the inflationary recession progresses, each political standoff between Congress and various political groups ends in additional spending. The end result is predictable: even more inflation. Expect the unions get into the act in 2008, and when they do don't forget where it all came from, no matter what you hear from the conservative media which will spin rising wage inflation as being caused by the unions: the initial decision to allow inflation to rise to forestall recession in 2001 planted the political seeds of further inflation as various groups fight to make up for the lost purchasing power of income suffered by their respective constituencies.

Rather than reveal the true source of war financing, a recession may just as well drive it farther underground by creating additional impetus for war. Recessions particularly preceded by credit booms have historically led to unpleasant unintended consequences; if a country can't spend its way out of recession peacefully, it may do so militarily.

Saturday, November 10, 2007

What’s In a Word?

Happy, happen(ing), haphazard, happenstance, happiness. They all share a root word. Let's focus on the last in the above series, happiness.

What does something need to be described as being in a state of crunchiness? It needs crunch, right? Same thing with happiness: you need hap.

What the hell is hap?

From my gigantic The Living Webster Encyclopedic Dictionary of the English Language we get the following:

hap, n. [Middle English; <>

I am not really sure, though, that hap goes as far as to say unpredictable. There definitely seems to be a strong indication of participation of the individual and the environment she finds herself in. In other words, we don't simply stumble into this fortune, not only.

I defend this reading by looking for guidance from the word "happen." What does it mean for us to make something happen? It means to align our environs with fortune and delight in this alignment. "God made the world and upon observing it he was pleased," is what the KJV Bible states. Wasn't this god "hap-y?"

But note here that to make something happen is not to create out of thin air (ex nihilo) as in the case of a god that exists beyond our reality (some more Real) as the Abrahamic Traditions, Classical Philosophy, and all those relying upon Neoplatonism would suggest. To accept this teleological and inaccesibley transcendent god allows for a reasonable question like, "can God create a rock He can't lift?" He wouldn't be happy in such a cold world.

Rather, the lesson in this word happy is that we, ourselves, are the creators of the worlds in which we live and it is only in creating in a manner that maximizes the joy of our coming together (our happenings) that our sense of fate (understood here as purpose or raison d'etre) will be sated.

"But, Paul, what about the word 'happenstance,' doesn't that kinda fly in the face of your deliberativeness?"

Not at all if we allow that to be in a creative state (and thus allow for the hap-iness I am describing above) is to be enthralled by those people, places, and things that comprise our environment - to be inured and overwhelmed, in a positive sense, by life itself.

I choose overwhelm precisely because of it's root word, "whelm." What the hell does whelm mean?

From the same source above we get:
whelm, transitive verb, [Middle English 'whelmen,' akin to whelven meaning roll, from the Old English 'hwylfan' meaning 'to roll;' consider also the Old English 'hwealf' itself informed by the Icelandic 'hvalf' meaning 'a vault;' this is related to the German 'wolben' meaning 'to vault, to arch.'] To cover or bury beneath a mass of something... to submerge; to engulf; to overcome utterly....
as a side note gulf comes from the Greek kolphos, meaning among other things, bosom; thus sugesting closesness as in the phrase "to bring to my bosom," when we enjoy something.
I bring the above examination of 'whelm' to stress that the rolling and arching is central to our understanding of the creative state. It is not simply vertigo we have in the creative state but perhaps a loss of our sense of who we are as somehow seperate from "all those things out there." This engulfing, overwhelming, is a bringing into us of the changing world around us - the cyclical nature of the seasons, the felling of trees and the rise of mushrooms in its place and the ultimate replacing of trees to be felled again in time. Who we are is only initially lost in this, as we see it is actually an expansion of our sense of self.

To be happy in a world that is always in flux and changing, then, is to bring close to us (to be engulfed by) that which is manifest and, with what is at-hand, make something happen. We make our lives happen when we maximize those resources our parents and surrounding communities and set out on becoming contributing members of society. And we are expected to reciprocate this gesture by having children of our own, communities of our own where those among us are also then able to make their lives happen.

This is a happy life, and it is a life that is meaning-full.

Tuesday, November 6, 2007

Couple of Thoughts

Okay, so, I am editing my really long blog that I wrote last night and will update the Kudzukongzi website (I know, I know, what a waste of time THAT blog is).
Note: this was originally posted on my myspace blog
But, I overheard two really stupid things today and I hear them said all the time:

1) Nice guys fish last (this was then followed by a woman saying that nice girls finish last too). All I know about people that feel they've finished last is that they've given up and have no clear plan nor a contingency plan (since you need an initial plan in order to have a contingency). You're not winning any charm- or f**kable-points by telling everyone in earshot that you feel like a loser. That's not charming, Billy Corgan, so stop it.

2) What do you mean I should drink water instead of soda?
She wanted a soda because she felt tired. I told her that drinking the soda would actually make her more tired and sap her energy from her. "wha?"

Here's how:
Your body gets energy from the stuff you eat by a little chemistry program called the Krebs Cycle.
This occurs in your cells and is the reason why we breathe in air, too. We breathe in air and exhale carbon dioxide because our mitchondria require water in order to free electrons from glucose. We get glucose from the food we eat.

When the glucose enters our cells there are enzymes there that take away key chemicals and leave carbon dioxide in its wake (this is glycolysis).

The Krebs cycle (also known as the citric acid cycle) is the process by which the energy that bonds the chemicals together in what's left of glucose after glycolysis is freed by the mitochondria. When you break a chemical bond, a lot of energy is released (just like in an A Bomb), electrons are produced in another enzymatic process and once this process is finished the electrons, now spent, combine with oxygen to produce water.

The carbon dioxide and this water that have been produced exit the body through exhaling. The oxygen that those spent electrons bonded with? They came from inhaling. That's why you can see your breath in the winter, too. Now, why should you drink water instead of soda? Water is the medium necessary for those chemicals involved in the above process to occur. You will lose water when breathing, meaning you need to replace water in the system that is your chemistry factory body. Consuming more sugar (a complex form of glucose) from soda means you will need more water in order to process all that energy you just ingested.

So You Want To Better Understand the American Economy?

You can start here - this site, has become one of my favorite sources for analysis and irreverent background on economic issues.

The above link seeks to explain just what the nature of the American Economy really is: is it an industrial economy, a finance economy, or what?

I came across the above discussion while reading about the rapidly devaluing dollar. It seems that, like Warren Buffet, I am making a sound decision to receive my pay in the form of Yen rather than U.S. Dollars. When Karen went to present at Oxford this summer her dollar was worth half Pound Sterling (meaning she had half the purchasing ability). Contrast that with when I was in Ghana several years ago and my dollar was worth something on the order of 8,000 Cedis - I was living it up on about $250 for three months.

Why does any of this matter, Paul? Let's consider recent developments:
1) Bank of America reported losses of several billion dollars in the third quarter (that's the end of September)
2) Merril Lynch reported billions of dollars in losses and fired their CEO
3) today Citi announced they, too, lost billions of dollars
4) oil is being traded at nearly $100 a barrel (this will be the higest ever)
5) the housing market is collapsing

Number 4) first:
Oil is expected to be expensive during the Summer because more people
(read: Americans) are driving their cars for vaction spots and in the winter more people (meaning us, again) are supposed to be using oil to heat their homes. Thus, usually the spring and fall are times for cheaper oil because there is less demand on the supply. When oil trades high it means that ultimately gas prices are high and so the cost of goods rises (because the higher gas prices paid by companies to ship your groceries the average 500 miles they now travel has to be absorbed by someone - that someone is you and me). When the cost of goods rises we get something called inflation. So long as the cost of oil rises, expect that you will need to pay more to get your average needs met - unless the government prints more money (this is why the Weimar Republic was in such a bad way at the beginning of WWI - you literally paid for bread with wheelbarrows of money). What is really screwing the pooch for us right now are numbers 1-3 and 5, read below.
How did these firms lose billions and billions of dollars? They invested in real estate. More specifically, in the wake of the dot com bubble bursting (The Market Correction, as it was labeled by Bush & Co. and also one of the puns of Jonathon Franzen's fine novel, The Corrections) the U.S. government allowed for deregulation of how banks could structure debt.
It used to be, before the Great Depression, that a mortgage lasted 10 years and so the down payment had to be much, much harder to collect. If you didn't pay off the loan (mortgages are loans) in those 10 years, the bank repossessed your home. In the wake of the Great Depression the Fed initiated a number of sweeping changes to the banking industry. Among them the Fed made it possible for more Americans to have the ability to own a home by making 30 years the standard amount of time in which to settle the mortgage (it's a debt). For decades, then, the reigning opinion has been, "Homeownership is the best way for low-income families to generate wealth." How is that done, Paul? I thought these people were in debt?
You're absolutely right, these people are in debt, and here's the heart of where our financial woes begin as a nation. When the dotcom bubble burst (mid- to late-90's) there were a number of folks (call them investors) involved in making money in the stock market. Now the rule of the stock market is buy cheap stocks and sell them when there is a strong demand for them, that's when the price is high.

The executives and financial officers of many, many firms had invested their fellow employees' retirements into stocks that were sold as sure-fire quick money making machines, for some reason these hacks felt that every single tech company would be Google and They weren't and all those retirements were lost when people realized that everyone was investing in the same stocks and the only value these stocks had were that everyone else thought they knew something no one else knew.

Here's a visual: there's a stream of happy-go-luck lemmings heading in a herd in a direction and slowly word started spreading that the lemmings up front were tumbling to their doom. Word got around on our 24 hours a day, gotta have a story media that the very same stocks that were being touted as sure-fire on the finance program earlier that week (hey, why not, finance can be newsy too!) were actually going to lead to massive poverty. So all the inverstors, the very ones that had driven the price up for so long, were now taking their money out as soon as they possibly could; hopefully before all the money was gone.

To avoid losing an election year, the mortgage industry was allowed to deregulate in such a way that banks and hedgefunds could take debts and sell portions of the debts to others. Basically what's being sold here is the promise that a debt will one day be collected and with interest. Two problems arose here:
1) If I lend you $100 and Roper sees this, he cannot say that there are now $200 present in the system. You have my $100 and I have the promise that you will give it back next year with an additional $15 (this is called interest, the amount you pay for the convenience of using my money now to be paid back later). People (read: Chief Financial Officers and other important financial analysts) nonetheless began investing into these hedgefunds with the belief that there was now $200 present to be shared among whomever was smart enough to invest in this great scheme. This is the fallacy of mistaking credit for money. Money is not the same thing as credit. Why not? If I lend you the $100 and you no longer value honoring this debt not only am I out $100 dollars, but you done spent the money too. Now there's no dollars. This is what happened with the subprime mortgage industry this summer.
Subprime means that the borrower cannot get credit extended to him at the prime rate (the rate that the Wall Street Journal prints each week). Why can't he? Because the credit reporting bureaus (Equifax, Experian, and TransUnion) came up with an algorhythm (that's your credit score) that is supposed to predict when a person will pay his debt on time. His score says he ain't paying on time no time soon.

It doesn't work, they announced this year. Turns out that people realized you could sell the ability to be an "authorized user" on someone's credit accounts and in so doing everyone's credit score rises. The higher your credit score the lower the interest you should pay to borrow money.

Because of deregulation, many people that should not have been extended credit were nonetheless extended a ludicrous amount of credit. How? The rules were changed so that a person that could only afford a $1,000 monthly mortgage payment was able to qualify for a mortgage payment of nearly three times that. How is that possible, Paul? The magic of deregulation allowed it so now you could qualify for this much too large mortgage based on this initially lower interest rate, a teaser rate. You pay the low, low interest rate for the first 2 years and then every year for the next 28 years your interest rate will vary - more than likely it will be significantly higher (this is a 2/28 mortgage).

Why would anyone encourage this practice? There are two immediate benificiaries: the people selling the mortgages ('cause they get a commission on these loans), and the people (banks and hedgefunds) that lost their money in the dotcom bust. Run from the frying pan into the fire. During this time there was a constant lowering of interest from the Federal Reserve Bank (my student loans were carrying, like, 1% interest I had too borrow at those terms!), remember? Why were the rates dropped? Because the dotcom bubble had just burst all over ouf faces and the freedom haters attacked us; we had to stimulate the economy. Bush, in his initial statements after 9/11 said what? He said, go out and buy, America. He said that specifically.

But how will we do that, W? We offer interest rates so low that no one feels afraid of the actual cost of borrowing. Now the chickens are coming home to roost. In October an estimated $30 billion dollars of adjustable rate mortgages (ARMs) were adjusted and every month for the next 12 months a further $1 bn will be adjusted. In Carroll County, west of Atlanta, one in 27 homes is in foreclosure as of this month. What's fueling this? HGTV and there exciting reality programs about flipping properties.

People were reading books about investing in real estate and this would be the way to secure a retirement. Buy a house cheap, use a second mortgage (a Home Equity Line of Credit) to cover the cost of fixing the property up and sell it for more than it's really worth. All of a sudden there is this spike in the Labor numbers - everyone's employed in housing, whether supplies or construction or whathaveyou. In Carroll County there has been 1 request for a building permit for an apartment complex this year, last year there had been a significantly larger number.

So: less people are employed, more people are facing foreclosure than since the Great Depression, the average American before last year was carrying an average credit card debt balance in excess of $8,000; the median student loan debt was $35,000; the war on terror continues to cost hundreds of billions of dollars (we're literally dropping billions of dollars onto our enemies, shooting bullets of excess capital into their bodies - we're that rich); and investors are artificially driving the cost of oil up because their real estate money's all gone (optimistically), or, we've reached the peak oil moment - where the cost of oil continues to rise until we are finally forced to innovate a new way to make groceries travel an average of 500 miles before it reaches your dinner table.

Sunday, November 4, 2007

We Live in History-Making Times

Why Allowing Torture Is Unamerican

Not only is the above op-ed pretty well nailing it; but I'd also like to just say that the U.S. economy is heading into a recession and the real estate market has only just begun to experience the first of several waves of "adjustments" as they called the bubble bursting.

Expect that the price of a home will decline for the next 5 to 7 years and in about 10 years the next housing boom will start again:

and here's a great place to read a primer on why the subprime meltdown is important to you: where we're heading.

I'd never have begun reading about this stuff had it not been for the fact that my year in Americorps*VISTA has me working for a nonprofit microlender

Saturday, November 3, 2007


I've updated the links section (bricolage) to include some blogs that I've been reading frequently.

These sites have been most excellent for helping me understand better the effects of the recent subprime real estate market meltdown as well as the nature of the American economy in general. I have to confess I have no formal economic training nor a strong interest in economics (unless talking about Bataille) until my year of service in the Americorps*VISTA with a nonprofit microlender. Our clients, my neighbors, are by definition the subprime market and so these sites have helped me to understand my place in the scheme of things.

I don't post often here, but I anticipate this changing over the next several months as I am relocating overseas (so as to avoid the American recession - hah, there's no escaping it).

Tuesday, October 2, 2007

Love In All Its Forms

This is a blog to everyone, a send-off after my birthday month. Thanks to all of you that were able to share your presence and time with me during September.

There was a lot of love this month, sometimes the loving was very funny (as some of us who watched the sorta-documentary "Zoo." Sometimes it was a tangy kiss on the mouth (DocBot), sometimes it meant doing an extra set of sit-ups; sometimes love was slathered in the barbecue sauce we call "loss" when we read about Alex the African Grey. I've taken a real shine to Greg Giraldo's bit about finding true love.

To paraphrase: don't worry too much about meeting the right person. Hell, Sigfried - the gay lion tamer - met another gay lion tamer! What a beautiful story that is! Hold out, honey, you'll meet Mr. Right. A gay lion tamer met another gay lion tamer!

And then there's this May-December love story. A 6 month old hippopotamus becomes bestest buddies with a 130 year old tortoise:

While I'm speaking of things I love, may I be so brash as to avidly, fanatically, insist that you get yourself a copy of the Octopus Project + Black Moth Super Rainbow's new album, "House of Apples and Eyeballs." Jeffrey Butzer and the Midwives (perhaps including I few folks you know from these pages here) will be playing October 11 at Lenny's or the Drunken Unicorn with the Octopus Project.

Tuesday, September 11, 2007

The Greatness of Life (Birthday Wishes on 30)

I'm turning 30 tomorrow. My dog (who needs a home) is turning 10 this December. We're getting old. And usually that's alright.

I'm usually okay with getting old. Sometimes, though, the heaviness of how full my life has been brings me a sadness. The buddhist in me tries to be rational and state it emphatically, "it's an illusion, it's not more real than the fleeting experiences (regardless of how full and heavy they may be) you've had. It's all gonna be okay."

I've had a number of friends and acquaintances pass-on during my short, but heavy, life. And yes, each death has lessened me, as Donne put it. I vaguely recall an afternoon conversation somewhere between Georgia and Virginia, sipping iced coffee and smoking cigarettes and an old man telling me that I was too young to regret. That I couldn't understand regret until I was an older man. And when he said that I was relieved.

Since then I have taken easily to Nietzsche's eternal return of the same and the diamond sutra and the prajnaparamitra - those made sense to younger me because in the lightening flash my life was born and it could easily snuff-out and not much would be missed - because I had not invested myself into much. But now I am older and am invested into much more than I thought I ever could be:

my family has become something more than it was, heavier
my friends have taken-on a dimension of more "more-than-me;" that is, my
friends have come to represent those parts of me that are "more-than-me," an enrichening of who I am
and out of the blue, my wife - I want to say that part of me I discover
everyday to be more and better and ever more mysterious - a mystery that becomes ever more rewarding the more I plumb the depths of that which we call life

Not only could a younger me not understand what it means to regret until I became old enough to realize how heavily we must value life (I'm not saying I have regrets, per se, I agree with Nietzsche here) but I also now understand better, paradoxically, what "ineffable" means. I have no good words for this feeling.

My lack of words was not even a consideration until I read the obituary of this parrot. I know it sounds absurd, for me to lament the passing of a parrot I never knew and in this regardyou would be right: I don't miss Alex the African Grey. Maybe I regret having not met Alex.

Animals are supposed to be the foil to Humanity: we note man's inhumanity when a human being is "animalistic" in his behavior. Animals cannot communicate (which the more liberal of Western society will debate today), but most importantly for our modern understanding of what it means to be human: animals cannot contemplate or understand their impending death.

And it is on this point that Alex the African Grey has given me pause. Please read the obituary above. This bird's last words to his life-long work partner, a PhD at Brandeis University, "You be good. I'll see you tomorrow. I love you." If I were faced with my imminent death I could think of no finer last words.

Please, be good, do good work, love well.
I will see you tomow: for my dog, Chino, tomorrow is meaningless; everytime I
leave it is the end of our togetherness and a terrible, lamentable, sight. And yet, there is always the return and so life bursts forth again.
I love you.

What more can you leave the world with? Our time together does end, and yet there is always the return. We tell each other (maybe the younger folks less so today) at New Years and Birthdays and Anniversaries, "Many more returns." I think I understand, now, why. In this way, "I love you," is a challenge, a proposition, a debt no one can shirk. The eternal returnings are only possible in love.

Wednesday, September 5, 2007

Knoxville rejects Nazis and Klan.

Do note that if you read what the Knoxville tv station published about the protest it is full of racially-charged rhetoric by the leader of a hate-based organization and then compare it to the coverage that the (is it indymedia?) other folks wanted to talk about: the creative nonviolent response to fascism.

Why is that not the discussion point? More to the point: why don't the clowns get to talk about creative resistance and the fascist gets published with a statement like, "there are terrible savages in the city and people need to be more racially aware?"

Regardless, I think we have a great example of how fighting the good fight must be done with a sense of humor.

Saturday May 26th the VNN Vanguard Nazi/KKK group attempted to host a hate rally to try to take advantage of the brutal murder of a white couple for media and recruitment purposes.

Unfortunately for them the 100th ARA (Anti Racist Action) clown block came and handed them their asses by making them appear like the asses they were.

Alex Linder the founder of VNN and the lead organizer of the rally kicked off events by rushing the clowns in a fit of rage, and was promptly arrested by 4 Knoxville police officers who dropped him to the ground when he resisted and dragged him off past the red shiny shoes of the clowns.

"White Power!" the Nazi's shouted, "White Flour?" the clowns yelled back running in circles throwing flour in the air and raising separate letters which spelt "White Flour".

"White Power!" the Nazi's angrily shouted once more, "White flowers?" the clowns cheers and threw white flowers in the air and danced about merrily.

"White Power!" the Nazi's tried once again in a doomed and somewhat funny attempt to clarify their message, "ohhhhhh!" the clowns yelled "Tight Shower!" and held a solar shower in the air and all tried to crowd under to get clean as per the Klan's directions.

At this point several of the Nazi's and Klan members began clutching their hearts as if they were about to have a heart attack. Their beady eyes bulged, and the veins in their tiny narrow foreheads beat in rage. One last time they screamed "White Power!"

The clown women thought they finally understood what the Klan was trying to say. "Ohhhhh…" the women clowns said. "Now we understand…", "WIFE POWER!" they lifted the letters up in the air, grabbed the nearest male clowns and lifted them in their arms and ran about merrily chanting "WIFE POWER! WIFE POWER! WIFE POWER!"

It was at this point that several observers reported seeing several Klan members heads exploding in rage and they stopped trying to explain to the clowns what they wanted.

Apparently the clowns fundamentally misunderstood the nature of the rally, they believed it was a clown rally and came in force to support their pointy hated brethren. To their dismay, despite their best jokes and stunts and pratfalls the Nazis and Klan refused to laugh, and indeed became enraged at the clowns misunderstanding and constant attempts to interpret the clowns instruction.

The clowns on the other hand had a great time and thought the Nazis were the funniest thing they had ever seen and the loud laughter of over 100 counter protesters greeted every attempt of the Nazis and Klan to get their message out, whatever that was.

Many of the local Knoxvillians that came to counter demonstrate had no illusions about why these out of state bad clowns with swastikas were doing in their town.




Were just a few of the chants that the non clown counter protesters rained down upon the Nazis. The clowns interacted with the non clown protesters with glee and even participated in a chant or two, though apparently with no idea that the Nazis were indeed not clowns thinking it was just part of the show.

In the end the 20 or so sad VNNers left with their tails between their legs. At this point over 150 counter demonstraters were present. The clowns seeing how dejected and sad the Nazi's looked began singing to cheer them up.

"hey hey hey hey, ho ho ho ho—good bye, good bye" everyone sang waving their arms in the air in unison.

After the VNNers left in their shiny SUVs to go back to Alabama and all the other states that they were from the clowns and counter demonstrators began to march out of the area chanting 'WHOSE STREETS? OUR STREETS!"

But the cops stopped the clowns and counter protestors. "Hey, do you want an escort" an African-American police officer on a motorcycle asked. "Yes" a clown replied. "We are walking to Market Square in the center of town to celebrate."

The police officers got in front of the now anti racist parade and blocked the entire road for the march through the heart of Knoxville. An event called imagination station was taking place and over 15,000 thousand students and their parents were in town that weekend. Many of them cheered as the clowns, Knoxvillians and counter protestors marched through the heart of Knoxville singing and laughing at the end of the Nazi's first attempt at having a rally in Knoxville.

On June 16th the Stormfront Nazis are trying to have a second rally in Knoxville. Clowns, anarchist, activist and others are all invited to come and creatively and nonviolently help us confront these Nazis and give them an even bigger counter rally than the first. If you can come, or can help email.

or join our myspace at:

Friday, June 15, 2007

An Open Letter to Gilbert Young

I came across Gilbert Young's racist campaign through the ARTNEWSlistserv and I was appalled at what the media has been complicit in promoting. Mr. Young has appeared on CNN as well as the Atlanta Journal-Constitution and other media outlets. His campaign is racist and these Open Letters and their responses from Mr. Young confirm it.

An Open Letter

paul boshears
to gilbertyoung Jun 6

I have to say I am VERY disappointed in the tone of as well as it's operator, Gilbert Young.

First, I cannot but ask directly, "Is there no racist undertone to your objection in having a Chinese sculptor for a national monument?"

And frankly, I feel the answer is, "Yes." To Mr. Young's defense I will say that he suffers from the very same ignorance that he accredits his perceived-antagonists. You see, Mr. Young, the thrust of the Civil Rights Movement has been (and hopefully will continue to be) always a global movement:

Consider the heroes of Martin Luther King, Jr.:

  • Thich Nhat Hahn, the Vietnamese Buddhist monk whom King nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize
  • Marcus Garvey, in Jamaica with his wife, Rev. King made a speech celebrating Garvey's work toward black nationalism
  • W.E.B. DuBois, who is not indebted to DuBois?
  • Kwame Nkrumah, the first President of Ghana and the long-celebrated voice of Pan-African Unity (itself intimately related to the civil rights movement).

You see, Mr. Young, Dr. King was a very enthusiastic supporter of Nkrumah. Nkrumah represented a true feat: the first African President of a former British Colony. The thrill of it, Mr. Young, can't you see? W.E.B. Dubois and Nina Simone imposed their own "exile" to France (both for very different reasons) but DuBois then sent himself to Ghana. He is a national treasure to the Ghanaians.

But who supported Kwame Nkrumah and Ghana? Initially it was not the U.S., it was China, Mr. Young. China and Du Bois, China and Nkrumah, at the intersection of these nations is a rich and informative relationship which you would be good to revisit, sir.

Gilbert Young, you have reached an age where knee jerk reactions are simply not good enough. May I suggest that you investigate further the importance of understanding "Communist China" (which continues to be Nixon-era Crackerspeak).

Re: An Open Letter artnews

to me Jun 8

Thank you for your email,

In answer, I must tell you that you are ignorant to what is actually going on with the MLK monument. It is you who have exibited the "knee jerk" reaction because you do not know the facts. This is not about Yixin being Chinese.

This is about the fact that an African American artist was chosen as Artist of Record. His name is Ed Dwight. Dwight worked with the King Foundation for years until Yixin was chosen to take Dwights 12" model from maquette to monumental stone sculptor. Dwight saw Yixin's work and wrote a 13 page critique citing numerous problems with Yixin's interpretation of Dwight's original model. He also expounded on the fact that African America would have a problem with Yixin himself, a man who knew nothing of Dr. King. It was Dwight who gave Yixin books and movies and writings to help him know who Dr. King was!

What Dwight didn't realize was that deals had been made, money had changed hands and he was threatening to disrupt the flow. Dwight was kicked to the curb and Yixin was named Artist of Record.

Sir, this is about African American people being marginalized and disprespected. This is about African American history and culture being bought and sold.

I know all about Dr. King and his mission and his philosophy and his mentors. What has happened in Washington for this monument to this great man is a travesty. If you saw the CNN report with Lou Dobbs, you would have seen that 91% of America agrees with me.

Gilbert Young.

Jun 8 (6 days ago)

Thank you, Mr. Young, for your time and response.

As you've presented your issue, the problem with the monument is that Dwight was not chosen to be Artist of Record, Yixin was. Naturally, Mr. Dwight critiqued Yixin's interpretation. As you've presented the critique, however, it sounds like it's a poor critique that would state, "the fact that African America would have a problem with Yixin himself."

What problem would that be? That he is not African American? Was King not dreaming of a day when we would be judged not by the color of our skin but the content of our character?

I cannot accept as fact that Yixin being selected as Artist of Record in any way supports your claim that your argument is about African American culture being bought and sold.

To even suggest that it is African American culture, and not the nobility of Humanity itself embodied by Dr. King, that is at stake here is to miss the point. King did not dream of a separate but equal access to cultural icons, and why are you?


Jun 11 (3 days ago)

Again, you have missed the point. You wrote "As you've presented your issue, the problem with the monument is that Dwight was not chosen to be Artist of Record, Yixin was."

Dwight WAS chosen to be artist of record. Yixin was hired to take Dwight's model from 12" maquette to a monumental stone sculptor. Yixin was the subcontractor. Dwight's name was to go on the monument as artist. When Dwight saw Yixin's model, he sent his critique to the King Foundation. Yixin's model did not look like Dwight's. Yixin's model does not look like Dr. King.

What Dwight did not know was a deal had been made with Yixin, with China, with a Chinese granite company, that trumped Dwight's complaint. The Foundation did not want a "burr beneath the saddle" so Dwight was fired.

Gilbert Young.


to Youngartone, artnews
Jun 12

Thank you, again, Mr. Young, for your patience in responding to my open letter; it is appreciated.

Not that I want to hold you to the flames, but I fail to see how you've addressed your campaign's problem. Now you've succinctly stated that the issue with the King Memorial is one of contract management. However your response has simply masked the real issue that I have presented to you, an issue, frankly, that may die hard in your campaign. Your campaign is primarily motivated by a racist claim: that Chinese rocks and Chinese people cannot communicate the legacy of Martin Luther King, Jr.

I agree with you in one sense, Mr. Young, the legacy of Rev. King and of the Civil Rights Movement has been compromised. But before we start making nativist claims to an exclusive understanding and ability to communicate the message of "I Have a Dream" let us look to our own backyard.

Who sold the "I Have a Dream" license to Alcatel (a French company, Mr. Young - imagine it!)? The King Family did, sir, not the Chinese, not the French, not some shady cabal wheeling and dealing. In your previous response (June 8, 2007) you stated, "This is about African American history and culture being bought and sold," and I ask you, with all gravity, "Are you serious?"

Paul Boshears


Jun 12

I am serious. Yixin is quoted as saying that he has received books, films, and pictures of Dr. King and the Civil Rights Movement so he could "get inside of King's head."

Now I ask you, do you believe African Americans need any outside assistance to know what what going on in King's head to motivate him to do what he did and become who he became?

The answer is NO. The reason is: African American people suffered through it and survived it.

Let me ask you another question. If the government of these United States allowed another monument on the Mall, one to the heroic survivors of the Holocaust, and the best sculptor in the world to create the facial expressions for the sculpture were German, do you believe Jewish people would protest? Do you feel they would have a right to? Do you believe the German would get the job?

I can tell you this: There would be no protest because the question would not even be discussed because a German would not be considered. Someone of Jewish descent would be contracted for the job and no question would be asked. And you and no one else would cry foul. It would be expected and universally accepted.

Gilbert Young


paul boshears

to Youngartone, ArtNews

Jun 13

Again, Mr. Young, I thank you for your time and earnest engagement in this conversation.

If I may, I will go point by point and perhaps we will arrive at some better understanding.

There seems no fault in an individual researching for a major project; in fact, usually, that is a sign of great seriousness and an investment in which all receive dividends. Would you have liked it better if he "winged" it?

You ask me if I believe African Americans need outside assistance to know what Dr. King thought and the answer stares at you mutely, sir. "In a rare interview with The New York Times in 1997, Dr King's third son, Dexter, who is president of The King Centre, said his family had been left in a 'very precarious position because we had no instructions.' He added: 'My father did not leave a will to say, `I do or do not want my intellectual property protected.' All we had to go on was his conduct.' (from "I Have a Dream Inc."

It would seem that the King Family itself is actively seeking outsider's help, have you thought to advise them, sir? They are his family.

In your hypothetical scenario you ask if the made-up people would have the right to protest and my answer is, "Of course." I'll ignore the latent anti-semitism underwriting your argument and hope and trust that you are not simply a "grade A" racist.

But you see, Mr. Young, I am not arguing the rights of anyone to protest. I am questioning the aesthetics. Don't you see, sir, my complaint is not simply the problem of racism in your campaign, I find in bad taste, and it is misguided, sir. The campaign is simply a symptom of a much deeper problem and so I ask you again to stop, Mr. Young. At your age I would hope you knew better. Had you been younger I would perhaps have slowed my tongue, but as Confucius said, "It is only when one reaches forty or fifty years of age and has yet done nothing of note that we should withhold our esteem."

Please understand me from this position, sir:

Actions such as yours are undercutting the Movement, where King sought to connect and ask that all people learn to better see themselves in "the other" you are merely lampooning and causing dis-ease in a legacy you and your supporters poorly understand.

I again thank you for your earnestness and patience.

Paul Boshears

Saturday, May 12, 2007

Post-Apocalyptic Nightmare

Read This Book

I've been volunteered to be the Fire Warden for my office's floor, which means I'm theoretically responsible for the safety and lives of all the people on my floor. So I have had to take some safety training; of course it was dull, but I was glad to learn about earthquake safety (as we were sleeping in Okinawa last month, an earthquake woke us up).

The training was in part online and it had this "links" section. Among the links was information about saefty in the event of nuclear war. I was curious and have spent the last 15 minutes skimming through the first chapter.

Now, the book is supposed to calm the reader's nerves and to address some of the poorly-conceived "myths" about the survivability of the human race were the U.S. and the U.S.S.R. to use their nuclear weapons against one another. Iinitially one might say that this presents a minimal risk for x-number of reasons, but I'd like to clarify what I believe to be the underlying concern:

Nuclear weapons will destroy us all, not because of the primary phenomenon of nuclear attack (you know, a bomb going off in downtown Atlanta, say); rather the greatest minds of our civilization came up with the nuclear bomb and these minds do not live in isolation from everyone else. These are people just as much involved in our society's daily affairs - they, too, want to buy groceries at Trader Joe's, pump gas into their hybrids, raise a family of four, save their money to best ensure a relaxing retirement.

These greatest minds are in many ways the greatest people - they've demonstrated that they can compete better than their peers, they've been trusted with our nation's security which means they've made public oaths to protect us (like a fireman or a cop or a county commissioner), they've been rewarded by our economy by receiving livable wages and social capital (the respect for the title "Doctor" or "Grad Student") and so on. What I am trying to point-out here is that the nuclear weapons are not independent of human beings interacting with one another. They are managed by average Joes, they are utilized by average Joes that have been annointed by "the public."

Plainly we should fear the explosion of the nuclear bomb, but we should be more scared of the underlying mechanisms which have lead to their development and all the byzantine rationalizations that our society has made so that the possible use of nuclear weapons is something that is always present in our foreign policy. We can't even properly call our foreign policy diplomacy because of the always present threat of nuclear retaliation. In effect, we can look across the diplomat's table and say, "You don't like it? Tell it to the people of Nagasaki - and remember, we made those bombs with vaccuum tubes. Imagine what we've come up with in the last 60 years." Our foreign policy can always trump any complaints because always present in the minds of those we are talking to is the very real threat of nuclear annihilation.

Here's where the book comes back in. I'd like to consider just a couple of the "re-assuring" messages from the author:

° Myth: A Russian nuclear attack on the United States would completely destroy all American cities.

° Facts: As long as Soviet leaders are rational they will continue to give first priority to knocking out our weapons and other military assets that can damage Russia and kill Russians. To explode enough nuclear weapons of any size to completely destroy American cities would be an irrational waste of warheads. The Soviets can make much better use of most of the warheads that would be required to completely destroy American cities; the majority of those warheads probably already are targeted to knock out our retaliatory missiles by being surface burst or near-surface burst on their hardened silos, located far from most cities and densely populated areas.

Unfortunately, many militarily significant targets - including naval vessels in port and port facilities, bombers and fighters on the ground, air base and airport facilities that can be used by bombers, Army installations, and key defense factories - are in or close to American cities. In the event of an all-out Soviet attack, most of these '"soft" targets would be destroyed by air bursts. Air bursting (see Fig. 1.4) a given weapon subjects about twice as large an area to blast effects severe enough to destroy "soft" targets as does surface bursting (see Fig. 1.1) the same weapon. Fortunately for Americans living outside blast and fire areas, air bursts produce only very tiny particles. Most of these extremely small radioactive particles remain airborne for so long that their radioactive decay and wide dispersal before reaching the ground make them much less life- endangering than the promptly deposited larger fallout particles from surface and near-surface bursts. However, if you are a survival minded American you should prepare to survive heavy fallout wherever you are. Unpredictable winds may bring fallout from unexpected directions. Or your area may be in a "hot spot" of life-endangering fallout caused by a rain-out or snow-out of both small and tiny particles from distant explosions. Or the enemy may use surface or near-surface bursts in your part of the country to crater long runways or otherwise disrupt U.S. retaliatory actions by producing heavy local fallout.

Today few if any of Russia's largest intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs) are armed with a 20-megaton warhead. A huge Russian ICBM, the SS-18, typically carries 10 warheads each having a yield of 500 kilotons, each programmed to hit a separate target. See "Jane's Weapon Systems. 1987-1988." However, in March 1990 CIA Director William Webster told the U.S. Senate Armed Services Committee that ".... The USSR's strategic modernization program continues unabated," and that the SS-18 Mod 5 can carry 14 to 20 nuclear warheads. The warheads are generally assumed to be smaller than those of the older SS-18s.

That's right, faithful readership, the nukes were able to carry more 17 years ago. That's right, also, that most of our military targets are near large populations. But don't worry about that.

° Myth: Overkill would result if all the U.S. and U.S.S.R, nuclear weapons were used meaning not only that the two superpowers have more than enough weapons to kill all of each other's people, but also that they have enough weapons to exterminate the human race.

° Facts: Statements that the U.S. and the Soviet Union have the power to kill the world's population several times over are based on misleading calculations. One such calculation is to multiply the deaths produced per kiloton exploded over Hiroshima or Nagasaki by an estimate of the number of kilotons in either side's arsenal. (A kiloton explosion is one that produces the same amount of energy as does 1000 tons of TNT.) The unstated assumption is that somehow the world's population could be gathered into circular crowds, each a few miles in diameter with a population density equal to downtown Hiroshima or Nagasaki, and then a small (Hiroshima-sized) weapon would be exploded over the center of each crowd. Other misleading calculations are based on exaggerations of the dangers from long-lasting radiation and other harmful effects of a nuclear war.

How is this reassuring? Nevermind that the great majority of the world's population is found in cities, everyone in the Dakota's and Montana is goign to be okay. This assumption that being in the middle of nowhere is the ideal place seems to betray an awful lot about America. I think my thinking becomes more clear when we consider that only 14% of Americans have a passport. So not only are we from the middle of nowhere, but we aren't going anywhere.

Then you look around and you realize that the new city morgue looks just like a new bank; the Starbucks coffee served in Kansas City is the same coffee in Osaka, Japan; the suburbs of Shanghai look exactly like the suburbs of San Francisco; the chair on the airplane is the same as the chair in your car, as the chair at your office, as the chair that you can buy at Brookstone or Sharper Image at the mall that looks just like the mall in Marietta, as the mall in Okinawa....we are in the middle of nowhere.

The author of this book writes that he wants to minimize the nihilism present in the popular American mind when considering the survivability of a nuclear attack:

° Myth: Fallout radiation from a nuclear war would poison the air and all parts of the environment. It would kill everyone. (This is the demoralizing message of On the Beach and many similar pseudoscientific books and articles.)

and then just before this myth the author betrays exactly what I am describing (the unlivability of America in the Nuclear Age):

While working with hundreds of Americans building expedient shelters and life-support equipment, I have found that many people at first see no sense in talking about details of survival skills. Those who hold exaggerated beliefs about the dangers from nuclear weapons must first be convinced that nuclear war would not inevitably be the end of them and everything worthwhile. Only after they have begun to question the truth of these myths do they become interested, under normal peacetime conditions, in acquiring nuclear war survival skills. Therefore, before giving detailed instructions for making and using survival equipment, we will examine the most harmful of the myths about nuclear war dangers, along with some of the grim facts. (Emphasis added)

Two questions, then:
What are we living for after the centers of social order are annihilated?
In creating these apocalypse machines, have we not simply made the best tool for analysis and critique and execution of our societies?